Suburbanization and urban sprawl are typical patterns of growing European cities. Whereas the growth of cities is principally a powerful positive trend, urban expansion is associated with various negative trends. This is due to urban sprawl is characterized by accelerated rates of soil sealing, over-consumption of land and loss of natural environment, and loss of agricultural resources. In turn, the loss of natural and rural land results in loss of greenery and biodiversity, contamination of the air, soils and waters, loss of opportunities to develop agriculture in close proximity to big cities, and loss of natural landscapes.
The main reason for the overconsumption of the above-mentioned resources (natural land, greenery, landscapes, environment, biodiversity, and agricultural land) is that natural amenities in suburban areas are underpriced or unpriced, mainly because natural amenities are open-source resources. To solve such a problem, the establishment of public property rights and a relevant regime of use is essential.
The first step towards the establishment of a relevant regime of use is to assess the value of resources, and to this end, a system of payments for natural resources is the most efficient way to regulate their consumption. Among the variety of ways to assess the value of natural resource amenities, ecosystem services are considered to be the most comprehensive approach.
FACILITATORY (PUBLIC) BODIES:
planning and development department; socio-economic development department; land use planning department; environmental and sustainability department; green spaces department; policy development department
LOCAL TASK FORCE:
local or regional authority; professional expert
urban region; urban-rural interface
MAIN NECESSARY RESOURCES ARE:
public institutional set-up; legal legitimisation; expert knowledge
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